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  • ryan7178 5:05 am on August 7, 2017 Permalink | Reply
    Tags: qualitative analysis, questionnaire designing   

    Pictorial techniques in Questionnaire Design 

    I need some suggestions for questionnaire development. I am having a qualitative analysis for my research and I feel that pictures would give a better and efficient response from my respondent’s end. Please help!

    • Nolan 5:10 am on September 7, 2017 Permalink | Reply

      I guess you are trying to extract a user’s emotional response by applying this technique. I would suggest to use real pictures of real people to extract a real emotion instead of using those ubiquitous smiley faces/emojis. And also incorporate a variety of options (wide range of emotions) to have precise answers. Hope it helps.

    • Richard Perry 10:06 am on September 9, 2017 Permalink | Reply

      One thing which can help here is having a collage of pictures for one option. You can have multiple pictures of different people from different races, ages and gender to express one emotion. This would ensure that your answer doesn’t gets biased and your target respondents choose a right answer by looking at the emotions and not other things like beautiful face, features etc. This solution is actually adopted by NFO Worldgroup. So, it is an acceptable method and would help you in collecting efficient data.

    • Steffy Cougar 9:00 am on September 11, 2017 Permalink | Reply

      While using pictorial techniques, it is really important to make sure you don’t end up making a mistake I did during my PhD. I too took help of pictures in my questionnaire. My research area was related to children’s receptiveness towards animal abuse. So I showed them various violent videos on animal abuse and then asked them to fill in the questionnaire accordingly. I used stock photos in my questionnaire. I had the least idea that my supervisor would declare my data invalid because he felt the images I used were having a biased effect. Children usually have an irrational thinking ability and would willfully pick a picture which they would find attractive. I tried to prove my point for long but didn’t have any luck. And, I had to perform the whole data collection from scratch. Just make sure you use pictures which have a neutral influence. Your target respondents shouldn’t get influenced by pictures and give efficient answers.

    • James Pete 10:11 am on September 11, 2017 Permalink | Reply

      This is exactly what my consultant explained to me when I got my questionnaire professionally designed from http://www.regentediting.com. These guys have years of expertise in this area. I was apprehensive about this idea of collating diverse images into one. But, this actually saved my research and even my supervisor appreciated my technique. You should definitely adopt it if you are going for pictorial responses in your questionnaire.

  • tom2331 11:48 am on July 14, 2017 Permalink | Reply  

    How tough is writing a quantitative methodology chapter of thesis? 

    Dear Admin! I have read many threads here. It’s glad that here many people find the solutions to their problems and it is really motivating that PhDs share their stressful (perhaps many aren’t stressed at all) experiences here and somehow finds support with the interaction.
    Anyways, can someone help me to find out why I’m not able to write my methodology chapter! Like seriously! I freak out every time the research methodology chapter lying on my study bench and with a stamp of REJECTED. I have written this petty little paper almost 7 times but still the comments of my supervisor are same- This piece cannot convince me why you chose quantitative approach, why collected the data through interviews and not from the existing documents, why only SAS is used and not SPSS. He needs more! More elaboration, more strong arguments, more peculiarity! But it is just a methodology chapter okay? What more clarity does he need?

    • Jeff 12:53 pm on July 17, 2017 Permalink | Reply

      7 times really? It appears to me as if you are making the use of inappropriate writing skills for academic writing. Go through this. http://www.humanities.manchester.ac.uk/studyskills/essentials/writing/academic_english.html

    • Sheri 4:52 am on July 19, 2017 Permalink | Reply

      Your methodology chapter should move from broad to specific! It will have many sections! Discuss paradigms but not too much. Then, write research design which is the heart of your methodology chapters. Here the study type, questions, data collection and analysis all are introduced and justified step by step. Take some time and research about the importance of the methods & instruments you have used in your research. If you are unable to form your own arguments, look for inspiration somewhere else. See how others wrote a good methodology chapter. Read, evaluate and synthesize in own language: thumb rule of every successful writing.

    • Derek 12:51 pm on July 21, 2017 Permalink | Reply

      You must create a value of the chosen methodology particularly and had no other choice but working out with only this methodology. Quote the sources on research methodology and make claims and arguments that you understand why your methodology works in this particular ways to achieve research purpose. Criticize other researches and other methodologies that have been wrongly implemented.

    • Clay 12:54 pm on July 21, 2017 Permalink | Reply

      let it get done by professionals. They handle such problems well because they know what is it that supervisor expects from you. Check http://www.geoffandfrancis.co.uk/. I took SPSS help from them. I’m sure they can help you out with drafting chapter.

  • dara808 12:49 pm on July 11, 2017 Permalink | Reply  

    Qualitative Data Analysis – Nvivo 

    I am pursuing PhD in the field of Psychology. My Research area is anti-social personality disorder. I will obviously go for a qualitative analysis. Currently I have around 37 audio transcriptions of the interviews conducted. One of my seniors suggested that I use NVivo for data analysis. I have never used it before. Should I try using NVivo or should I perform the task manually? Will using a software make any difference? Suggestions please!!

    • Sheena 12:50 pm on July 11, 2017 Permalink | Reply

      Hey! You should definitely go for NVivo. They have come up with the latest version NVivo 11 with a special feature called TranscribeMe. You will find it easy to transcribe the audio files with this feature without facing any trouble. Upload your files and get your transcripts. As simple as that. Don’t get into the trouble of manually analyzing data. Go ahead with Nvivo.

    • Channon 4:56 am on July 12, 2017 Permalink | Reply

      I think 37 transcriptions would be too much to handle all alone whether you do a manual analysis or with the help of software. And you seem to be a little inexperienced regarding data analysis. Without experience, analysis can get tricky. Why don’t you get a professional analysis done? It will save a lot of time. And, at the end, it is going to be worth it. Try – https://dissertationpal.com/. Good luck for your research!

    • Tim 4:36 am on July 13, 2017 Permalink | Reply

      Your data is vast. It’s good that you have decided to go for a software rather than employing manual techniques. Everybody has a first time. Not everyone becomes a pro overnight. Nvivo is quite easy to use. In fact, the latest version is quite user-friendly. You just need to upload your audio files and the transcripts get uploaded within 24 to 72 hrs. I recently used it for my study. However, I had only 20 audio transcripts. Saved a lot of time! And the best part is accurate results!

    • Matt 4:37 am on July 14, 2017 Permalink | Reply

      Nvivo comes with a lot of pros. Work is error-free, even verbatim (like hmmm….) gets removed properly. So, overall it’s comprehensible. On the other hand, I feel if you are running tight on a budget, and you don’t intend to use NVivo again in the near future, better not invest in it. Buying a software and using it hardly once or twice makes no sense. Rather get a professional analysis done. Money spent over there would be more worth it. Two years back, I got my data analyzed from http://www.phdstatistics.com/. Their team is co-operative. Results were effective.

  • sierra4328 1:52 am on July 7, 2017 Permalink | Reply  

    How to create a demographic questionnaire? 

    I need to develop a demographic questionnaire for measuring the difference between “before” & “after” situation of marginalized women in Africa after women rights law section 9 entitled as Equality had been passed. For this, my target audience would be the poor and the subjugated women living in the outskirts of Congo. Can someone help me out, like what could be some good demographic questions?

    • joseph664 5:58 am on July 9, 2017 Permalink | Reply

      But you are researching upon the marginalised or oppressed women so to say, how would you manage to let them fill those? They might not be able to reveal their identity and respond justifiably. Isn’t is so?

    • sierra4328 12:01 pm on July 10, 2017 Permalink | Reply

      Hmm. I know your concern! I would be sending the questionnaire through post to maintain the anonymity. This is one of the biggest challenges for collecting data, especially from a remote and small community. But right now, I’m only concerned about the formulation of research questions. May be I can visit them personally and collect data. In research reports, I will keep their identity and credentials hidden so that they would not be any facing issues due to me.

    • sarah2784 5:57 am on July 11, 2017 Permalink | Reply

      In a demographic questionnaire, the basic details like gender, age, language spoken, race would be inclusive. While some other could be: what is their profession? Are they engaged in agricultural production, or providing domestic work services, or are they only household wives? Why they chose occupation like they are doing the job currently? Are there any opportunities for women in the service sector? How much is their contribution to the total income of household? How their experience as housewives or working women is like? What do they think they lack in comparison to men? Do they feel discriminated because of their race and gender? Something like that. I don’t know your specific objective, but yes I do feel like your research must be revolving in and around these questions.

    • terry498 3:03 am on July 12, 2017 Permalink | Reply

      It is not that easy. You cannot formulate the questions for the sake of creating a questionnaire. You need to be very careful while doing that. It sounds difficult. Anyhow, Here is this good resource that I found that will guide you for demographic questionnaire. http://www.satest.arizona.edu/assessment/documents/ExamplesOfDemographicQuestions.pdf

  • Louisa 7:22 am on July 5, 2017 Permalink | Reply  

    What are credible and non-credible sources for a research paper? 

    Can someone brief me about the sources we can trust for citing in our research paper? Is it necessary that everything in print is reliable and trusted resource and everything online (such as blog posts, social media posts) is fraud or untrue? It is just a thought that many times occurred to me that if such social media posts, articles or e-journal articles are non-credible then why APA, MLA Handouts recommend the citation formats for them?

    • Derek 1:28 am on July 6, 2017 Permalink | Reply

      Oh well, who told you blog posts and online articles are frauds? Okay well, some of them are but not all of them. The reason being that there are many undisciplined people out there who mean to spread negativity, conflicts, and other ideologies harmful to the society. They take false identity and then keep on creating ideological conflicts. Such resources are not verified and are temporarily available most of the times which can result in the less authoritative research paper. Also, APA & MLA define the referencing styles for those social media posts or online resources that are verified and have credibility.

    • Tony 10:33 am on July 7, 2017 Permalink | Reply

      Print vs. electronic resources: the debate is never ending !! I advise all my students to never fully trust and rely on the everything they find online. Unless, no conclusion no technique or no commandment from the university is released, it is wiser to avoid citing online sources. And for the print also, the recent publications or the publications by the anonymous author must be avoided.

    • seoreviewin 6:32 am on July 8, 2017 Permalink | Reply

      Now I’m feeling good to know that there are other people too who think the same way as I do. Even I thought of it before. After investing 3 hours in finding the answer to this question, I came to a realize that you may encounter frauds in published as well as unpublished material. So you must determine the credibility and reliability of the sources you get yourself only. Many times, we only prefer the websites which have .edu or org as their domain names. Instead, we must look up for the means for verifying the authorship and authority of the resources. I’m currently studying to derive the ways through which any user can identify the various credible resources online. Once my project gets completed, I would share it with you here only.

    • wilson349 2:30 am on July 10, 2017 Permalink | Reply

      You can trust the content published on the websites or blogs of respected and well-known authors, university and government websites. Because such websites and blogs only publish quality and authentic content. Here is good article published on a university website https://writingcenter.appstate.edu/sites/writingcenter.appstate.edu/files/Credible%20v%20Non-Credible%20Sources13.pdf. See you can trust and cite such material available online.

  • perry578 6:45 am on June 23, 2017 Permalink | Reply  

    Research proposal defence preparation 

    How can one prepare exceptionally good for passing proposal defence? Does it follow the same procedure as thesis defence? If a candidate fails the defence, can he redo it with a different proposal?

    • sarah2784 3:51 am on June 24, 2017 Permalink | Reply

      Success of your proposal defence largely depends upon the potential of your research project and the presentation of your proposal. The problem that you are willing to explore through your research project must be of crucial importance, and you must convince the committee during defence that if you are encouraged to work on this problem and project, a new set of knowledge will be brought into the limelight. Now answering your second question, it can be said that the proposal defence is somewhat like thesis defence. Some of the basic differences could be the time frame, the official proceedings, and of course the main element which you discuss. As to say, in proposal defence you field the questions regarding the things you will be researching upon, need and significance of the study and why you should be allowed to go for it. And in thesis defence, you will be fielding the questions regarding the research study you conducted, what and how you achieved your research objectives and goals. I’m not well informed if one can redo his defence or not.

    • alexie18 6:57 am on June 26, 2017 Permalink | Reply

      There are mainly three decisions that your committee chair can make: accept without corrections, accept with correction or completely reject. You can redo your proposal defence if your committee is ready to accept your proposal with some major or minor revisions. Universities give three to six months for revising the proposal based upon the changes required. But if your proposal defence gets completely rejected, you cannot redo it. Then your PhD application is discarded, and you must come up with a new proposal. The choice of research topic or problem is yours, so it hardly matters if you are developing a proposal on a new topic or the one previously proposed.

  • sarah2784 10:19 am on June 21, 2017 Permalink | Reply  

    Should I go for a part-time PhD? 

    Is it a good idea to pursue part-time PhD? I have gone through websites of many universities in UK promising that there is not much difference between full-time and part-time doctoral programme they offer. But it’s just that I do not understand this distinction made by the universities between the both. Can anyone advise if part-time PhD is a good way to go for? Do these courses follow the same coursework and other thesis submission and defence procedure?

    • partridge74 4:23 am on June 21, 2017 Permalink | Reply

      For me, it doesn’t matter whether you do PhD through full-time or part-time mode. It’s all about how dedicated you are with your PhD research and thesis. Yes…almost all PhD proceedings go rightly the same with both part-time and full-time PhD. But some universities in the UK provide two PhD supervisors to you in part-time PhD when only one is given to you in full-time PhD. Also, full-time PhD may get a little expensive for you when compared to part-time PhD, but then you have the option to obtain research fundings from the universities.

    • joseph664 6:21 am on June 21, 2017 Permalink | Reply

      There is, of course, a considerable difference in both full-time PhD or campus-based PhD study would mean that you are focused only on your research; attending conferences, scheduling up meetings with your advisor and working on it rigorously. Whereas this might not be possible with a part-time PhD if I say! If you are employed, then the struggle with job and research is inevitable. Plus, time-frame must also be kept under consideration. A full-time PhD is completed in three years only whereas a full-time PhD is usually stretched up to six years.

    • tom2331 9:25 am on June 23, 2017 Permalink | Reply

      Go for a full-time PhD if possible. Because in part time PhD, you might not get the learning and knowledge which you will gain when you reach out your peers, seniors, juniors and advisors in university campus during full time PhD.

  • joshua533 5:01 am on June 7, 2017 Permalink | Reply  

    Qualitative Data Analysis 

    Hi all! I’m doing a research on inter-racial marriages and mixed-race children. I am thinking of going for a qualitative analysis. Highly confused what will work the best? I am currently working with three supervisors. All of them have a different say – grounded theory, IPA, discourse analysis etc. I personally want to go for Thematic Analysis. Any suggestions? Please help!

    • Weston 5:07 am on June 9, 2017 Permalink | Reply

      Supervisors usually feel that somehow Thematic Analysis(TA) is unsophisticated for doctoral levels. My supervisors were adamant too. But, I was able to defend my methodology & used TA successfully with convincing results. You research topic has a lot of nuancing . You must be having two sets of data extracted from two sources– couples & their children. Even I feel TA would be effective. You’ll be able to explore more, more themes, more patterns.Try & convince them that you prefer having a simple, easy to understand version of your interpretation report. Other methods can be complex. You can color code the themes emanating from thematic analysis.

    • Shelley 7:16 am on June 10, 2017 Permalink | Reply

      If you decide on a method, you should always be able to defend it too. Ask yourself why is it that you want to go for TA. If you can’t come up with any strong reason to support your preference, then listen to your supervisors. May be your supervisors are right in suggesting you otherwise. You’re a first time researcher and they know more than you.

    • george 7:18 am on June 11, 2017 Permalink | Reply

      It’s normal getting confused. Afterall it is your PhD. Just remember, all these methods would work for qualitative analysis(QA). You just need to decide what will work the best. Grounded, IPA, Discourse are slightly advanced. If you feel unsure of getting effective results using advanced methods, then go for TA. Persuade your supervisors that you are more at ease with TA than other methods.

    • Aaron 7:20 am on June 12, 2017 Permalink | Reply

      I feel IPA would be more effective. Your data must be consisting of people’s personal experiences.

  • alexoliphaant 7:25 am on September 26, 2016 Permalink | Reply  

    Bad PhD Supervision. Need Help!! 

    I am in the 2nd year of PhD in Chemistry (full time). The reason I am writing this is because I am really disheartened and on verge of giving up. I don’t even know from where to begin, it’s a cluster f*** of problems. I moved into Ohio from Florida to pursue PhD chemistry from Ohio State University, and needless to say, I have no friends here.

    But the root of my depression is my supervision. I have two sups and my first sup is retired but the university has allowed his supervision. The only problem is that he is not concerned with what I do (big news) and is mostly not available. I am walking blind here as when I complete my work and send him the draft, he takes weeks to respond and even then give me vague responses. The second sup says that she can guide me to an extent but as my first sup is the expert in my field and fully aware of my research, she can’t support me through it all. I understand that a research takes time and you can’t complete it in a go, but what am I supposed to do when I have no support? How can I finish in time? To top it all, the chemistry lab assistant is an old bloke with a cranky personality who just yells at me at every move I make wrong. I am trying really very hard but I am unable to find a way to get out of this situation. I am so worried all the time that I have lost my appetite, I hardly sleep or talk to my parents, and to top it all I have no friends here to share my concerns with.

  • louise0924 6:48 am on September 26, 2016 Permalink | Reply  

    Failed Synopsis!! 

    I wrote my synopsis for PhD of 5 thousand words, which unfortunately got rejected. The major concern is that my synopsis is not focused and unappealing enough to make through. The topic is also not ‘structured’ (whatever that means). I’ll get one more chance to make it right, so it is very critical for me. I just want to know that how should I proceed with this. Thanks.

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