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  • jackthomas01 7:16 am on October 5, 2014 Permalink | Reply  

    Ways of Citing 

    There are two ways of citing references – Author Prominent and Information Prominent
    1. Author Prominent –
    This way gives prominence (importance) to the author by using the author’s surname as part of
    your sentence with the date and the page number in round brackets.
    Direct quote example
    Cowie (1996, p. 91) ‘sdheudj dhidkkl ewdwls dwlokd mndewkmu’.
    Paraphrase example
    Cowie (1996) feslklenhejj dewhwd ewhdhlas dwwaidjil dwwkrwjd rewajkw dnhkjasndiwel.
    2. Information prominent –
    The other way of citing references gives prominence (importance) to the information, with all the required referencing details in round brackets at the end.
    Direct quote example
    bjuwdnhrhnd ‘djkiejdoij djewidi jniqwine nhiwqjk enjwiqjo ewnk ewqiojia ’
    (Cowie 1996, p. 91).
    Paraphrase example
    rdnejuhdsnajknhj ‘ndesjaknhi dbwjas bdwuiqdsj dbwuisnjm’
    (Cowie 1996).

    • Laura 11:07 am on January 28, 2015 Permalink | Reply

      Are these formats valid for all types of resources like books or journal articles or working papers?

    • Lucas 5:39 am on February 2, 2015 Permalink | Reply

      Yes Laura, these are valid for all sources of information.

  • morry1 7:15 am on October 3, 2014 Permalink | Reply  

    How can you avoid plagiarism? 

    Plagiarism is the intentional use of someone else’s ideas, words, concepts in your work/assignments. It is considered as a serious misconduct at all the Universities and should be avoided at all times.
    Central Queensland University (CQU) also has a policy on plagiarism and students are strongly
    encouraged to familiarise themself with it.
    Committing plagiarism carries very serious penalties for the students, including expulsion from a
    Regrettably, students have been known to commit offences of plagiarism by not understanding what acceptable paraphrasing, summarising or quoting techniques are.
    The best way to avoid being accused of plagiarism is to acknowledge the resources upon which
    you have based your ideas.
    Note: Expulsion, for some international students, may mean having to return to their
    own country because this forfeits their student visa.

    • samanthaJ 11:13 am on January 28, 2015 Permalink | Reply

      I totally agree! one of my friends got expelled from a university in Canada and had to return back to Saudi Arabia because of visa issues. The university however had issued him 3 warnings before taking such a serious step.
      I wonder why students find it so difficult to avoid plagiarism. Plagiarism does not necessarily discourage you from using facts and conclusions drawn by others, but merely requires you to interpret those facts in the particular context you are working and giving credit to the author whose work you have utilized. It is really beyond my understanding why students do not wish to give credit to someone who has worked hard in finding useful results.

  • Dr S Loretti 4:00 am on May 31, 2014 Permalink | Reply  

    Need for Referencing 

    Referencing is a term followed in academia to acknowledge the ideas, theories, quotes and facts of other authors and academicians. The section for referencing demonstrates your efforts of reviewing relevant literatures and grasping background knowledge.

    The basic need for a scholar to refer sources lies with the following reasons:

    • To avoid the case of plagiarism
    • To credit the sources and authors whose research you have used for completing your study
    • To demonstrate and support your research in that specific domain
    • To provide authority for statements you have cited in your project.

    Referencing is an important part of your academic writing and cannot be sidelined.

    • Ron Weasley 11:08 am on June 25, 2014 Permalink | Reply

      Universities set out guidelines for referencing chapter as well; it indeed holds importance in your dissertation.

    • Elizabeth B. White 5:09 am on September 29, 2014 Permalink | Reply

      If you want to avoid plagiarism then you must prepare it properly

  • Dr S Loretti 3:50 am on March 29, 2014 Permalink | Reply  

    Citing electronic sources 

    Every system has its own way of referencing somebody else’s work. This is true for the Harvard system as well. There are some points to remember while references are being made to electronic sources. The writer needs to put down the date on which the source is accessed, the electronic address or the email ID that he/she got the material from and the type of electronic media that the source came from. Points are given for the correct use of these references. That is why writers should read the Harvard guide comprehensively and make sure that they get the format right.

    • Rehana 10:47 am on June 13, 2014 Permalink | Reply

      Should a hyperlink be added while citing the URL for the source?

  • Dr S Loretti 9:04 am on September 12, 2013 Permalink | Reply  

    Styles Followed For Citations In The US 

    The word citation is also known as a reference, generally found in books and research reports. It is represented alphanumerically on pages of books and research reports to give credit to whom (or from where) the research, work, or discussion is sourced. It helps you in giving support to your words or discussions. For different subjects and topics there are optimized different styles of citations.

    In different American Universities, for different subjects and streams, there are different systems or styles of citations. Some of the popularly used citation styles include the following:-

    Oxford Citation Style: It is one of the most popular citation styles in America, and in the world, as well. It is, more popularly, known as the documentary-note style, in which superscript numbers are given above the text, and a detailed description about that number (text) is given in the footnote.

    Harvard Citation Style: There are various sub-categories of this citation style but the most common method of this kind of reference citation is giving a little detail in brackets, just after something has been said. It is commonly known as the author-date system.

    American Sociological Association: This style is practiced by the writers of manuscripts, being published under the American Sociological Association’s journal. It is an in-text citation style, for example: The president of America, George W. Bush (2002) attacked Afghanistan, seeking the evil root behind the 9/11 terrorist attack.

    Some other popular American citation styles include MLA, APA, The Chicago Manual of Style, Vancouver system, etc.

    • Derek 12:22 pm on October 31, 2013 Permalink | Reply

      My university follows the APA style of referencing and I’m facing a lot of issues with it although a few guidelines are provided by my supervisor.

      • Dr S Loretti 12:24 pm on November 3, 2013 Permalink | Reply

        Hi Derek! APA is a widely used referencing style so you can get a lot of help online. There are various samples available which you can go through.

    • Rebecca Borone 12:25 pm on November 10, 2013 Permalink | Reply

      I am also scanning internet these days to get some help regarding the Harvard Citation style, while which I came across this post.

    • Derek 12:26 pm on January 31, 2014 Permalink | Reply

      Thanks Dr S Loretti! I’ll try to search relevant samples now.

    • Dennisstumpf 11:39 am on May 2, 2014 Permalink | Reply

      These days the most prevalent style is the APA.

  • Dr S Loretti 9:01 am on September 12, 2013 Permalink | Reply  

    Importance Of Citing Original Sources Within A Dissertation 

    As goes the saying, being natural and original is the best way. It not only makes the scheme of things appear attractive but also helps the document in retaining its actual charm. This rule is much applicable when it comes to preparing a dissertation. One of the most challenging and critical aspects one can encounter during his/her academic career is preparing a dissertation and the way, the final output gets prepared plays an instrumental role in earning the writer a few brownie points.

    While preparing a dissertation, the approach needs to be absolutely crystal clear in the mind of the writer. Initial hiccups are okay and accepted, but recovering fast from a mistake holds the key. Taking a note of this very point, giving enough due or credit to the original source becomes very essential.

    Citing original sources within a dissertation paves the way for further reference and taking future assistance. Being on the safer side always helps. Itnot only makes you appear honest but also reflects the very fact that you have done your homework pretty well before taking the final plunge. Also, citing original sources makes a piece of dissertation appear attractive and authentic and also lands a dash of originality into the final product.

    • Brian Strand 10:55 am on November 1, 2013 Permalink | Reply

      Academic work demands originality; one should never copy any content.

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