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  • dara808 12:49 pm on July 11, 2017 Permalink | Reply  

    Qualitative Data Analysis – Nvivo 

    I am pursuing PhD in the field of Psychology. My Research area is anti-social personality disorder. I will obviously go for a qualitative analysis. Currently I have around 37 audio transcriptions of the interviews conducted. One of my seniors suggested that I use NVivo for data analysis. I have never used it before. Should I try using NVivo or should I perform the task manually? Will using a software make any difference? Suggestions please!!

    • Sheena 12:50 pm on July 11, 2017 Permalink | Reply

      Hey! You should definitely go for NVivo. They have come up with the latest version NVivo 11 with a special feature called TranscribeMe. You will find it easy to transcribe the audio files with this feature without facing any trouble. Upload your files and get your transcripts. As simple as that. Don’t get into the trouble of manually analyzing data. Go ahead with Nvivo.

    • Channon 4:56 am on July 12, 2017 Permalink | Reply

      I think 37 transcriptions would be too much to handle all alone whether you do a manual analysis or with the help of software. And you seem to be a little inexperienced regarding data analysis. Without experience, analysis can get tricky. Why don’t you get a professional analysis done? It will save a lot of time. And, at the end, it is going to be worth it. Try – Good luck for your research!

    • Tim 4:36 am on July 13, 2017 Permalink | Reply

      Your data is vast. It’s good that you have decided to go for a software rather than employing manual techniques. Everybody has a first time. Not everyone becomes a pro overnight. Nvivo is quite easy to use. In fact, the latest version is quite user-friendly. You just need to upload your audio files and the transcripts get uploaded within 24 to 72 hrs. I recently used it for my study. However, I had only 20 audio transcripts. Saved a lot of time! And the best part is accurate results!

    • Matt 4:37 am on July 14, 2017 Permalink | Reply

      Nvivo comes with a lot of pros. Work is error-free, even verbatim (like hmmm….) gets removed properly. So, overall it’s comprehensible. On the other hand, I feel if you are running tight on a budget, and you don’t intend to use NVivo again in the near future, better not invest in it. Buying a software and using it hardly once or twice makes no sense. Rather get a professional analysis done. Money spent over there would be more worth it. Two years back, I got my data analyzed from Their team is co-operative. Results were effective.

  • sierra4328 1:52 am on July 7, 2017 Permalink | Reply  

    How to create a demographic questionnaire? 

    I need to develop a demographic questionnaire for measuring the difference between “before” & “after” situation of marginalized women in Africa after women rights law section 9 entitled as Equality had been passed. For this, my target audience would be the poor and the subjugated women living in the outskirts of Congo. Can someone help me out, like what could be some good demographic questions?

    • joseph664 5:58 am on July 9, 2017 Permalink | Reply

      But you are researching upon the marginalised or oppressed women so to say, how would you manage to let them fill those? They might not be able to reveal their identity and respond justifiably. Isn’t is so?

    • sierra4328 12:01 pm on July 10, 2017 Permalink | Reply

      Hmm. I know your concern! I would be sending the questionnaire through post to maintain the anonymity. This is one of the biggest challenges for collecting data, especially from a remote and small community. But right now, I’m only concerned about the formulation of research questions. May be I can visit them personally and collect data. In research reports, I will keep their identity and credentials hidden so that they would not be any facing issues due to me.

    • sarah2784 5:57 am on July 11, 2017 Permalink | Reply

      In a demographic questionnaire, the basic details like gender, age, language spoken, race would be inclusive. While some other could be: what is their profession? Are they engaged in agricultural production, or providing domestic work services, or are they only household wives? Why they chose occupation like they are doing the job currently? Are there any opportunities for women in the service sector? How much is their contribution to the total income of household? How their experience as housewives or working women is like? What do they think they lack in comparison to men? Do they feel discriminated because of their race and gender? Something like that. I don’t know your specific objective, but yes I do feel like your research must be revolving in and around these questions.

    • terry498 3:03 am on July 12, 2017 Permalink | Reply

      It is not that easy. You cannot formulate the questions for the sake of creating a questionnaire. You need to be very careful while doing that. It sounds difficult. Anyhow, Here is this good resource that I found that will guide you for demographic questionnaire.

  • Louisa 7:22 am on July 5, 2017 Permalink | Reply  

    What are credible and non-credible sources for a research paper? 

    Can someone brief me about the sources we can trust for citing in our research paper? Is it necessary that everything in print is reliable and trusted resource and everything online (such as blog posts, social media posts) is fraud or untrue? It is just a thought that many times occurred to me that if such social media posts, articles or e-journal articles are non-credible then why APA, MLA Handouts recommend the citation formats for them?

    • Derek 1:28 am on July 6, 2017 Permalink | Reply

      Oh well, who told you blog posts and online articles are frauds? Okay well, some of them are but not all of them. The reason being that there are many undisciplined people out there who mean to spread negativity, conflicts, and other ideologies harmful to the society. They take false identity and then keep on creating ideological conflicts. Such resources are not verified and are temporarily available most of the times which can result in the less authoritative research paper. Also, APA & MLA define the referencing styles for those social media posts or online resources that are verified and have credibility.

    • Tony 10:33 am on July 7, 2017 Permalink | Reply

      Print vs. electronic resources: the debate is never ending !! I advise all my students to never fully trust and rely on the everything they find online. Unless, no conclusion no technique or no commandment from the university is released, it is wiser to avoid citing online sources. And for the print also, the recent publications or the publications by the anonymous author must be avoided.

    • seoreviewin 6:32 am on July 8, 2017 Permalink | Reply

      Now I’m feeling good to know that there are other people too who think the same way as I do. Even I thought of it before. After investing 3 hours in finding the answer to this question, I came to a realize that you may encounter frauds in published as well as unpublished material. So you must determine the credibility and reliability of the sources you get yourself only. Many times, we only prefer the websites which have .edu or org as their domain names. Instead, we must look up for the means for verifying the authorship and authority of the resources. I’m currently studying to derive the ways through which any user can identify the various credible resources online. Once my project gets completed, I would share it with you here only.

    • wilson349 2:30 am on July 10, 2017 Permalink | Reply

      You can trust the content published on the websites or blogs of respected and well-known authors, university and government websites. Because such websites and blogs only publish quality and authentic content. Here is good article published on a university website See you can trust and cite such material available online.

  • perry578 6:45 am on June 23, 2017 Permalink | Reply  

    Research proposal defence preparation 

    How can one prepare exceptionally good for passing proposal defence? Does it follow the same procedure as thesis defence? If a candidate fails the defence, can he redo it with a different proposal?

    • sarah2784 3:51 am on June 24, 2017 Permalink | Reply

      Success of your proposal defence largely depends upon the potential of your research project and the presentation of your proposal. The problem that you are willing to explore through your research project must be of crucial importance, and you must convince the committee during defence that if you are encouraged to work on this problem and project, a new set of knowledge will be brought into the limelight. Now answering your second question, it can be said that the proposal defence is somewhat like thesis defence. Some of the basic differences could be the time frame, the official proceedings, and of course the main element which you discuss. As to say, in proposal defence you field the questions regarding the things you will be researching upon, need and significance of the study and why you should be allowed to go for it. And in thesis defence, you will be fielding the questions regarding the research study you conducted, what and how you achieved your research objectives and goals. I’m not well informed if one can redo his defence or not.

    • alexie18 6:57 am on June 26, 2017 Permalink | Reply

      There are mainly three decisions that your committee chair can make: accept without corrections, accept with correction or completely reject. You can redo your proposal defence if your committee is ready to accept your proposal with some major or minor revisions. Universities give three to six months for revising the proposal based upon the changes required. But if your proposal defence gets completely rejected, you cannot redo it. Then your PhD application is discarded, and you must come up with a new proposal. The choice of research topic or problem is yours, so it hardly matters if you are developing a proposal on a new topic or the one previously proposed.

  • sarah2784 10:19 am on June 21, 2017 Permalink | Reply  

    Should I go for a part-time PhD? 

    Is it a good idea to pursue part-time PhD? I have gone through websites of many universities in UK promising that there is not much difference between full-time and part-time doctoral programme they offer. But it’s just that I do not understand this distinction made by the universities between the both. Can anyone advise if part-time PhD is a good way to go for? Do these courses follow the same coursework and other thesis submission and defence procedure?

    • partridge74 4:23 am on June 21, 2017 Permalink | Reply

      For me, it doesn’t matter whether you do PhD through full-time or part-time mode. It’s all about how dedicated you are with your PhD research and thesis. Yes…almost all PhD proceedings go rightly the same with both part-time and full-time PhD. But some universities in the UK provide two PhD supervisors to you in part-time PhD when only one is given to you in full-time PhD. Also, full-time PhD may get a little expensive for you when compared to part-time PhD, but then you have the option to obtain research fundings from the universities.

    • joseph664 6:21 am on June 21, 2017 Permalink | Reply

      There is, of course, a considerable difference in both full-time PhD or campus-based PhD study would mean that you are focused only on your research; attending conferences, scheduling up meetings with your advisor and working on it rigorously. Whereas this might not be possible with a part-time PhD if I say! If you are employed, then the struggle with job and research is inevitable. Plus, time-frame must also be kept under consideration. A full-time PhD is completed in three years only whereas a full-time PhD is usually stretched up to six years.

    • tom2331 9:25 am on June 23, 2017 Permalink | Reply

      Go for a full-time PhD if possible. Because in part time PhD, you might not get the learning and knowledge which you will gain when you reach out your peers, seniors, juniors and advisors in university campus during full time PhD.

  • alexie18 8:34 am on June 19, 2017 Permalink | Reply

    Creating an effective interview protocol 

    For my qualitative research, the supervisor advised collecting the relevant research data through an interview. He guided me only a little about how interview protocol is developed and how transcripts are refined. This brief introduction did me no significant help as I have never prepared any interview protocol. But now in PhD, I must do it and that too alone!! Is someone here who can guide me on creating an interview protocol for qualitative research?

    • matilda774 7:52 am on June 20, 2017 Permalink | Reply

      Your interview protocol must be in alignment of your research question and literature review. For developing interview questions, first get the clarity of the extent to which you need to explore the issue and probe the questions for the respondent. Also, since you are preparing it for a qualitative research, stay concerned while writing open-ended questions. The most common mistake that often researchers do is that they formulate the open-ended questions too expansive which at times is good but not always. The vast the questions is, much complicated and tough to transcribe the answer will be.

    • joseph664 9:07 am on June 21, 2017 Permalink | Reply

      Internet protocol is not much strenuous! It can be developed in the same way as you develop the qualitative questionnaire. The only difference is that you get only limited information from respondents through questionnaire, whereas interview protocol enables the interviewer to get more specific and additional information. But yes, there is one major challenge with interview protocol. Not every researcher can make the full use of it due to rapport. Establishing that comfort and friendly connection with interviewee is the toughest part. Keep this in mind while preparing questions and introductory script.

  • Rosaline 8:37 am on June 15, 2017 Permalink | Reply  

    No objection certificate PhD guide 

    Is it necessary to obtain no objection certificate from the previous supervisor? Suppose if I had some terrible issues with my previous supervisor and would like to submit an application in university for the change of supervisor, but he doesn’t agree to sign the certificate, will my supervisor be changed?

    • Christina 6:50 am on June 16, 2017 Permalink | Reply

      Changing PhD guide is a big deal for University faculty. It depends upon the reason for demanding such a change and how adverse the impact is upon your research. Let us say, you want to change your PhD advisor and want to begin working with a new supervisor on a fresh research problem or topic discarding the research work you have done before, your supervisor can be changed even if the previous advisor doesn’t sign the certificate. However, if you like to continue with the existing research work with a new supervisor, obtaining no objection certificate from the previous supervisor and a PhD consent letter from the new supervisor becomes mandatory.

    • Patrick 5:49 am on June 17, 2017 Permalink | Reply

      If you are submitting the application at a later stage of your PhD, it is nearly impossible that university will transfer you to a new supervisor as then the established work flow is interrupted, and supervisors do not accept the PhD projects that have already been started by another supervisor. So, whether your previous advisor signs No objection certificate or not remains of no use.

  • joshua533 5:01 am on June 7, 2017 Permalink | Reply  

    Qualitative Data Analysis 

    Hi all! I’m doing a research on inter-racial marriages and mixed-race children. I am thinking of going for a qualitative analysis. Highly confused what will work the best? I am currently working with three supervisors. All of them have a different say – grounded theory, IPA, discourse analysis etc. I personally want to go for Thematic Analysis. Any suggestions? Please help!

    • Weston 5:07 am on June 9, 2017 Permalink | Reply

      Supervisors usually feel that somehow Thematic Analysis(TA) is unsophisticated for doctoral levels. My supervisors were adamant too. But, I was able to defend my methodology & used TA successfully with convincing results. You research topic has a lot of nuancing . You must be having two sets of data extracted from two sources– couples & their children. Even I feel TA would be effective. You’ll be able to explore more, more themes, more patterns.Try & convince them that you prefer having a simple, easy to understand version of your interpretation report. Other methods can be complex. You can color code the themes emanating from thematic analysis.

    • Shelley 7:16 am on June 10, 2017 Permalink | Reply

      If you decide on a method, you should always be able to defend it too. Ask yourself why is it that you want to go for TA. If you can’t come up with any strong reason to support your preference, then listen to your supervisors. May be your supervisors are right in suggesting you otherwise. You’re a first time researcher and they know more than you.

    • george 7:18 am on June 11, 2017 Permalink | Reply

      It’s normal getting confused. Afterall it is your PhD. Just remember, all these methods would work for qualitative analysis(QA). You just need to decide what will work the best. Grounded, IPA, Discourse are slightly advanced. If you feel unsure of getting effective results using advanced methods, then go for TA. Persuade your supervisors that you are more at ease with TA than other methods.

    • Aaron 7:20 am on June 12, 2017 Permalink | Reply

      I feel IPA would be more effective. Your data must be consisting of people’s personal experiences.

  • molly736 9:33 am on January 3, 2017 Permalink | Reply  

    Tips on writing literature review 

    I am doing part-time PhD from past few months and have been managing my job and research quite well, but I have had some aborted attempts to write the literature review. Recently, I have gone through a bad patch of work. I have tried many different ways to write the literature review, such as mind mapping, just writing, etc. but nothing has come to my rescue and things have turned frustrating now. Can anyone give me few tips on how to write the same? It will be of great help.

    • Humbert 9:04 am on January 3, 2017 Permalink | Reply

      Discuss on any other literature review given on the topic. Explain how your research will help in filling the gaps in that subject. At the end of the review, write a conclusion.

    • melisa72 12:01 pm on January 3, 2017 Permalink | Reply

      I can completely relate to you. In the beginning, I was going through the same phase but my supervisor helped me go through this. He suggested thinking of it as a kitchen sieve. Start with the broadest topic and continually narrow it until you reach your final point.

    • sherry 12:04 pm on January 3, 2017 Permalink | Reply

      I would also recommend Hart’s book. My supervisor advised it to me and I am thankful to him. It helped me a lot. It made my mind clear about how to proceed with the review.

    • Robbie 6:02 am on January 4, 2017 Permalink | Reply

      I would advise you to pick 10-15 articles to use as the core of the review. Take help of these articles and analyse how they have been written.

    • London 3:03 am on January 5, 2017 Permalink | Reply

      I will recommend you to read Hart’s book on literature review. It is a long book but the amount of knowledge it provides on how to write a literature review is well worth the time. It gives a lot of advice on how to go with the process.

    • Karl 10:05 am on January 5, 2017 Permalink | Reply

      Start by identifying the problem statement of your thesis. Explain why this area of study is important. Give your reasons for selecting the research and how it differs from the already done research. Also, Your conclusion can provide support for an allegation made in the introduction, or simply critique the study to encourage more work in the area.

  • lucas446 8:39 am on December 14, 2016 Permalink | Reply  

    How can I formulate my research objective? 

    Hey everyone. I am pursuing my PhD and stuck in the very beginning. I am finding it quite challenging to write research objectives. I very well know about what I am going to research and what are the problems of my research but the real struggle comes with the writing. How should I write various objectives of my research?

    • danny54460 1:43 am on December 15, 2016 Permalink | Reply

      You are quite right in the context of research objectives. It is sometimes difficult to write what you already know. I suggest you to provide accurate description of the specific actions you will take in order to reach this aim.

    • kelly2368 7:46 am on December 15, 2016 Permalink | Reply

      You remind me of my own PhD days. From my experience I can tell you that it is not as difficult to formulate research objective as it looks. You can start with making a draft of your research objectives and then formulate sentences for each one of them.

    • addison2017 9:24 am on December 16, 2016 Permalink | Reply

      Use action verbs such as to identify, establish, describe, assess, determine, estimate, develop, compare, analyse, collect.

    • Alisa Louis 9:28 am on December 18, 2016 Permalink | Reply

      The objectives should cover different aspects of the problem and its contributing factors in a coherent way.

    • Molly 9:31 am on December 19, 2016 Permalink | Reply

      You can always consult your supervisors. Do not hesitate because writing the research objective is an important part of your thesis and should be well written.

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